John Fennell

Executive Vice President & Chief Risk Officer, The Options Clearing Corporation (OCC)

John Fennell is Executive Vice President and Chief Risk Officer of The Options Clearing Corporation (OCC). OCC is the world's largest equity derivatives clearing organization and the foundation for secure markets.

In this role, Mr. Fennell is responsible for implementing OCC's Risk Management Strategy. He also oversees OCC's Model Validation and Enterprise Risk Management departments, along with Security Services, Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery, and Vendor Risk Management areas.

Since joining OCC in 1993, the vast majority of Mr. Fennell's career has been spent in the firm's Risk Management Department, where most recently he served as Executive Vice President, Financial Risk Management and was responsible for Financial Risk Management, which included market, credit and liquidity risk, default management, customer margin methodologies and model development. Prior to that, Mr. Fennell served as Senior Vice President, Risk Management & Treasury Operations, overseeing Financial Risk Management and custodial operations related to all margin and clearing fund securities deposits with OCC. Mr. Fennell currently serves on the Executive Committee of CCP12, as an Affiliate Member with IOSCO and is active on the SIFMA Credit and Margin Committee as well as other industry margin and risk management committees.

Mr. Fennell graduated with an M.B.A. in Finance from DePaul University and a B.S. from Northern Illinois University. Mr. Fennell completed the Certified Regulatory and Compliance Professional program at the FINRA Institute at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.

Rod Garratt

Maxwell C. and Mary Pellish Chair in Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara

Rod Garratt holds the Maxwell C. and Mary Pellish Chair in Economics at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He has served as a Technical Advisor to the Bank for International Settlements, a Research Advisor to the central banks of Canada and England, and is a former Vice President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. 

Garratt received his B.A. from the University of Waterloo and Ph.D. from Cornell University. His research areas include payments economics, monetary theory, financial network analysis and auctions. He has published in the top economics journals including Econometrica, the American Economic Review and the Journal of Political Economy. 

He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Financial Market Infrastructures, the Journal of Network Theory in Finance and Digital Finance.

Samim Ghamami

Senior Economist and Vice President, Financial Services Forum, Berkeley University of California

Samim Ghamami is currently the Senior Economist and Vice President at the Financial Services Forum, an Adjunct Professor of Finance at New York University, and an Adjunct Associate Professor of Economics at Columbia University.

Ghamami has been a senior financial economist and a Senior Vice President at Goldman Sachs. He has also been an Acting Associate Director and a senior economist at the U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Financial Research, and an economist at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

Ghamami’s research has broadly focused on financial economics and more recently on the interplay between finance and macroeconomics. His work on banking and central clearing has been presented and discussed at central banks. He has been an advisor to the Bank for International Settlements and has worked as an expert with the Financial Stability Board on post-financial crisis reforms in 2016 and 2017. Ghamami has also served on the National Science Foundation panel on Financial Mathematics in 2017 and 2018.

Ghamami has also been a visiting scholar at the Department of Economics at UC Berkeley, a senior quantitative researcher at MSCI, a quantitative researcher at Barclays Capital, an Adjunct Professor at USC, and a post-doctoral researcher at CREATE Homeland Security Center.

Ghamami received his Ph.D. in Mathematical Finance and Operations Research from the University of Southern California in 2009, where his principal advisor was Sheldon Ross.

Dr. Pedro Gurrola-Perez

Head of Research, The World Federation of Exchanges

Pedro joined the World Federation of Exchanges in October 2019 from the Bank of England, where he led the Financial Market Infrastructures Directorate’s Research Team. He had joined the Bank of England in 2013,  after two years at the UK Financial Services Authority. Previously, Pedro spent more than 15 years lecturing and doing research at a range of well-regarded academic institutions, including the University of Barcelona and the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM).

Pedro holds two PhDs: one from the University of Barcelona, Spain, and one from the University of Montpellier, France, and has published across key academic journals, including the Journal of Financial Market Infrastructures, the Journal of Risk, International Finance and the Journal of Futures Markets. His recent work includes research on the economics of distributed ledger technologies (DLT) for securities settlement,  on the network structure of settlement fails and on market liquidity risk in CCPs. He has also published research on payment systems, back-testing methodologies and on the structure of interest rate futures markets. In  2007 he received the National Award on Derivatives Research, awarded by the Mexican Derivatives Exchange (MexDer).

Klaus Martin Löber

Head of the Oversight Division, European Central Bank

Klaus Martin Löber is Head of the Oversight Division of the European Central Bank, in charge of the oversight of financial markets infrastructures and payments instruments and acts as chair of the ESCB working group on oversight. His areas or responsibility also encompass the ECB’s global regulatory policy activities with a focus on payments and market infrastructures. Furthermore, Mr Löber is contributing to the ECB’s fintech and digital innovations agenda and acts as chair of the CPMI working group on digital currencies and co-chair of the CPMI-IOSCO working group on digital innovations looking into relevant developments.

Prior to his current position, from 2012 to 2016, Mr Löber was Head of the Secretariat of the Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures (CPMI) hosted by the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland, a global regulatory standard setting body in the areas of payments, clearing and settlement. In this capacity, he was a member of the Resolution Steering Group of the Financial Stability Board (FSB), a member of the FSB Standing Committee on Standards Implementation, secretary of the CPMI-IOSCO Steering Group and co-chair of the CPMI-World Bank Retail Payments Forum.

Earlier positions include the European Central Bank, the European Commission, Deutsche Bundesbank and private practice. Mr Löber regularly publishes on financial markets legal, regulatory and infrastructure issues.

Michael McClain

Managing Director & General Manager, Equity Clearing and DTC Settlement Services, The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC)

Michael McClain is Managing Director and General Manager of Equity Clearing and DTC Settlement Services at DTCC. In this capacity, Mike has direct responsibility for the day-to-day management of equity clearing activities for trades executed on the major U.S. exchanges and other equity trading venues, and will further align the company's efforts around settlement optimization while creating new capabilities. He is also responsible for several DTCC core products and services, including Continuous Net Settlement (CNS), Automated Customer Account Transfer Service (ACATS), Cost Basis Reporting Service (CBRS), and Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs). 

Before joining DTCC in 2017, Mike served for nearly 16 years at The Options Clearing Corporation, most recently as Chief Operating Officer. In this capacity, Mr. McClain oversaw OCC's Technology and Operations. Prior to that, Michael held senior roles in Business Development, New Products and Strategy and was responsible for the build-out of OCC’s business continuity site in Texas. Earlier in his career, he held positions at Accenture and IBM, specializing in large-scale initiatives for the financial industry.    

Mike represents DTCC on the World Federation of Exchange’s (WFE)  Working Committee. Previously, he served as a member of the Advisory  Board of Directors for the International Options Market Association (IOMA) and also held positions on the Securities Industry Financial Markets Association (SIFMA) Operations and Technology Steering Committee and the Futures Industry Association.

Mike received his B.A. degree from Lewis University and an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University.

Prof. Andreea Minca

Associate Professor, Operations Research and Information Engineering, Cornell University

Andreea Minca is an Associate Professor in the School of Operations Research and Information Engineering at Cornell University. Andreea Minca received her PhD in Applied Mathematics from the University Paris 6 Pierre et Marie Curie in 2011. Prior to that, she received a M.S. in Probability and Finance from the University Paris 6 Pierre et Marie Curie and "Diplôme de l'Ecole Polytechnique".

Her research focuses on mathematical modeling in finance, within the areas of systemic risk, liquidity risk and credit risk. She is particularly interested in structural models for systemic risk, using networks to represent various types of interrelations among financial institutions. Her work has been published in leading journals such as Mathematical Finance and Finance & Stochastics.

Joseph Portelli

Executive Chairman, Malta Stock Exchange

Joseph Portelli has over 33 years’ experience employed in various capacities within the financial industry in the U.S and in Malta. He has vast experience as a portfolio manager, currency and commodity trader and has been employed with Bank of America, Nomura Securities, Goldman Sachs, Millburn Ridgefield, Global Capital, and Liongate Capital Management. He was also chief investment officer and managing director of FMG Funds, an emerging markets specialist.  

He is currently Executive Chairman of the Malta Stock Exchange and Malta Stock Exchange Institute. Joseph founded the Institute of Investment Analysis and was a visiting lecturer at the University of Malta.

Dr. Urs Rüegsegger

Chairman, SIX Swiss Exchange, Chairman, The World Federation of Exchanges

Urs Rüegsegger served as the Group Chief Executive Officer of SIX Group AG from 2008 to December 2017. Prior to this he held the position of Head of the Executive Committee of St. Galler Kantonalbank. He joined the bank in 1993 as Head of Controlling, Accounting and Risk Management and was appointed to the Executive Committee in 1997. In 2000 he took charge of the IPO, which was successfully launched in 2001.

As Head of the Executive Committee he also held various positions with the Association of Swiss Cantonal Banks since 2001.

After completing a degree in business studies at the University of St. Gallen, Urs Rüegsegger started his career at Swiss Re in the area of IT. He was deeply involved in the development of commercial applications and the restructuring of Swiss Re's service branch. He transferred to St. Galler Kantonalbank in late 1993 after assuming financial responsibility for Audatex, an international subsidiary group of Swiss Re.

Hon. Professor Edward Scicluna

Member of Parliament and Minister of Finance, Ministry of Finance of Malta

Hon. Professor Edward Scicluna is a Member of Parliament and Malta’s Minister for Finance since March 2013.

During 2013, Prof. Scicluna assumed the chairmanship of the European Investment Bank Board of Governors (EIB), and vice-chairmanship of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). 

Prior to March 2013 he served as a member of the European Parliament (MEP), in the capacity of Vice-Chair of the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee (ECON), and a member of the European Statistical Advisory Committee (ESAC).

Previous appointments include that of Professor and Head of the Department of Economics at the University of Malta, Chairman of the Malta Financial Services Authority, Chairman of the Malta Council of Economic and Social Development, Board Director of the Central Bank of Malta, and Electoral Commissioner.

Internationally he carried out consultancy work for the European Commission, UNESCO, the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), and the Governments of Albania, Croatia, Libya and Turkey. He also served on the Council of Europe Development Bank Auditing Committee. He was frequently sought for economic advice by the IMF annual Article IV mission to Malta and the Rating Agencies FitchIbca, Standard & Poor’s, and Moody’s. Prior to Malta’s entry into the Eurozone he was appointed as a Euro expert for Malta by the EU Commission.

Prof. Scicluna graduated from the University of Oxford with a Diploma with distinction in politics and economics, from the University of Malta with a First Class Honours BA degree in Economics, and the University of Toronto with a Masters and Doctorate in Economics. 

Robert Steigerwald

Senior Policy Advisor, Financial Markets, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Robert Steigerwald is a senior policy advisor in the financial markets group at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, where his work focuses upon public policy issues relating to financial market regulation and payment, clearing and settlement infrastructures.

Steigerwald began his legal career with Kirkland & Ellis, an international law firm based in Chicago, where he represented clients including the Board of Trade of the City of Chicago, the Board of Trade Clearing Corporation and National Futures Association. He later served as legal counsel for a clearinghouse for foreign currency transactions and was instrumental in developing the global multicurrency settlement system for foreign exchange before joining the Chicago Fed in 2000.

He currently represents the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago as a member of the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission’s Market Risk Advisory Committee and has participated in the work of the Over the Counter Derivatives Regulators’ Forum, an international forum for information sharing and regulatory cooperation among central banks, prudential supervisors and securities and markets regulators.

Steigerwald is a graduate of the State University of New York at Stony Brook with a B.A. and University of San Francisco School of Law, J.D., cum laude.

Nandini Sukumar

Chief Executive Officer, The World Federation of Exchanges

Nandini Sukumar is the Chief Executive Officer of the World Federation of Exchanges, the global association for exchanges and CCPs. The WFE represents more than 250 exchanges and clearing houses globally, educating stakeholders on the vital role played by market infrastructures in the real economy and as a standard setter, finding the consensus on issues among the global membership. WFE exchanges are home to nearly 45,000 listed companies, the market capitalization of these entities is over $82.5 trillion and around $81.8 trillion in trading annually passes through the infrastructures that the WFE members safeguard. Ms. Sukumar is Vice Chair of IOSCO’s Affiliate Members Consultative Committee and Chair of the AMCC’s DLT Workstream.

Ms. Sukumar has been CEO of the WFE since March 2015. Prior to this, she served as Acting Chief Executive Officer from November 2014, having been recruited by the WFE Board as Chief Administrative Officer in May 2014 to run the Federation on a daily basis and work with its global network of members as a proponent of the benefits of fair, orderly, public markets. Ms. Sukumar came to the WFE after a 14-year career at Bloomberg where she created, grew and ran their coverage of market structure, exchanges and UK regulation.